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Which of the following refers to the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious
organisms from one individual to another?
Which of the following destroys all microbial life?
Which of the following is mainly used to remove visible dirt?
Which of the following is more likely to be governed by federal regulatory agencies rather than state
Which of the following is more likely to be governed by state regulatory agencies rather than federal
Which of the following would OSHA most likely be involved in regulating?
Which of the following would the EPA most likely be involved in regulating?
Beauty professionals are permitted and encouraged to ______.
Rules and regulations are ______.
Preventing the spread of infections is ______.
Prevention of the spread of infections begins and ends with ______.
When does a client’s impression of a salon, spa, or barbershop begin?
Which of the following is TRUE of pathogens?
Which of the following BEST defines transmission?
When an individual’s immune system prevents transmission, it ______.
Which of the following is TRUE of direct and indirect transmission of disease?
Which of the following is TRUE of diseases spread by direct transmission and indirect transmission?
Indirect transmission of a disease ______.
The difference between respiratory droplets and airborne transmission is ______.
Which of the following is NOT required of disinfectants used in salons, spas, and barbershops?
When it comes to the spread of infectious disease, beauty professionals must be prepared to deal with all
EXCEPT which type of potentially harmful organisms?
Most bacteria are ______.
What is a microorganism?
There are ______ of different kinds of bacteria, which fall into ______ primary type(s).
Which of the following is TRUE of nonpathogenic and pathogenic bacteria?
Pathogenic bacteria ______.
The presence of pus is a sign of ______.
Inflammation is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT ______.
There can be no bacterial infection without the presence of what?There can be no bacterial infection without the presence of what?
Which of the following is TRUE of a disease that spreads from one person to another?
When doctors have determined the nature of a disease, they have ______.
If you get sick as a result to overexposure to chemicals at the workplace, you have contracted a(n) ______.
Which of the following is NOT true of staphylococci?
Which of the following is NOT caused by a virus?
Which of the following is a type of fungi?
What are disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as
hepatitis and HIV, called?
HIV is spread through which of the following means?
There are two types of parasites commonly encountered in the salon, spa, and barbershop. Which of the
following is one of them?
Which of the following is NOT true of biofilms?
Which of the following is TRUE of sterilization?
The first step in infection control is ______.
When a surface is properly cleaned, the number of contaminants on the surface is ______.
The second step of infection control is ______.
Which of the following is TRUE of the process of disinfection?
Which of the following is NOT true of disinfectants?
Which of the following will NOT necessarily be on the label of an EPA-registered disinfectant?
If there is no time specified or recommended by the manufacturer of the disinfectant, for how long must a
tool be left fully submersed in the disinfectant?
How long does it usually take for quat solutions to disinfect implements?
Tuberculosis is transmitted through which of the following means?
Which of the following is TRUE of phenolic disinfectants?
Bleach used in the salon, spa, or barbershop must be EPA registered as a ______.
Which of the following is TRUE of chlorine bleach?
Which of the following is NOT one of the cautionary tips to consider when handling disinfectants?
When handling disinfectants, NEVER ______.
Soaps and other products that do not have the word disinfectant on the label are ______.
The CDC publishes ______, guidelines that employees and employers agree to with the assumption that any
human blood or body fluids are potentially infectious.
Often, clients who are just getting sick can be contagious without showing any signs of infection. These
clients are considered ______.
A ______ is capable of igniting and burning.
OSHA defines PPEs as ______.
How often should one change gloves?
Which of the following should be performed after removing one pair of gloves and before putting on a new
With proper precautions in place, it is safe to perform a skin service on a client who comes in with a(n)
A(n) ______ is contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other infectious materials as a
result of the performance of a worker’s duties.
Before applying warm or hot water to a client’s hair or skin, always test the water temperature on ______.
What should you do if a tool or implement is dropped on the floor during a service?
What should you NEVER do with a tool or implement?
Which of the following is NOT true of ventilation and air circulation systems inside of salons, spas, and
Which of the following is NOT true of exits in salons, spas, and barbershops?
Fire extinguishers ______.
Which of the following is TRUE of how a beauty professional’s appearance, clothing, and other attire should
When working on the job, your cellphone should be ______.
Which of the following is TRUE when children accompany a parent to the salon, spa, or barbershop?
When assisting a client into or out of a hydraulic chair, ______.
Jodie has spent the better part of an hour using plenty of soap and warm water to remove all of the visible dirt
and debris off of her station and the surrounding area. Jodie has just thoroughly ______ her station.
Gustavo uses the highest level of infection control on his tools and implements. Which of the following
should Gustavo do?
Considered an expert in this field, Wilma has worked for the last 22 years at the federal agency that registers
all types of disinfectants sold by manufacturers and used by salons, spas, and barbershops nationwide. For
which of the following federal agencies does Wilma work?
Franca has recently committed a major offense against her license. If she does, in fact, have her license
revoked, who among the following is MOST LIKELY to revoke it?
Yasmine worries a lot about getting sick because she deals with so many clients on a day-to-day basis. She
knows, however, that even though she cannot prevent ______, she can strive to prevent ______ disease
while she’s at work.
Henry has been sick with the flu for more than a week. Although he was certain he was careful during the
first half of flu season, he knows he most likely acquired the flu through direct transmission. If this is true, in
which of the following ways could Henry have caught the flu?
Heidi has been extremely careful on the job this week in an effort to avoid catching the virus (which is NOT
an airborne virus) running through nearly every other employee’s immune system. As part of her efforts, she
has not had any physical contact with any of her coworkers. If she has in fact avoided all contact with others,
which of the following is TRUE?
Jasmine’s manager has pointed out that there might be mold forming in one of the bathrooms. He has
requested that Jasmine mix a solution that will destroy the mold. Which of the following will be MOST
effective in doing so?
Tony has been working hard to reduce not only his risk of infection and disease but also the risk for all of his
coworkers. Which of the following would be the LEAST effective measure for Tony to take?
Nancy just got off the phone with her manager. She told him she would be unable to come in to work for the
next three days because her doctor told her she could easily pass her disease on to her coworkers and clients.
Nancy’s disease is ______.
Omar has asked his client to please sit and wait while he tends to one of his tools. He didn’t want to alarm the
client, but he noticed that there was a small amount of blood on the tool from a cut on his finger. Which of
the following is TRUE of Omar’s implement?
Angie has just noticed that the nippers she will need to use on her client have a small amount of blood on
them. What will Angie need to do to be able to use the nippers again?
Colleen has been a devoted beauty professional for more than 15 years. In that time, she has been employed
at the same establishment. Over time, Colleen has developed a serious skin condition as a result of repeated
exposure to the chemicals used on the job. Colleen’s skin condition is a(n) ______ disease.
Ursula, a beauty professional, has been showing signs and symptoms of a systemic infection. After seeing her
doctor, she is now certain that indeed she does have one. What must Ursula’s condition include if she is, in
fact, suffering from a systemic infection?
Juan has not been feeling well for about a week and goes to see the doctor. Juan, it turns out, has pediculosis
capitis. Which of the following MOST LIKELY caused this?
Ingrid’s clients have been experiencing inflammation and pain on certain parts of their skin and bodies. Ingrid
mentioned this to her manager, Roberta, who began to investigate the problem. Roberta has determined that
these complaints are most likely the results of biofilms. Because she believes biofilms are the problem, which
of the following is MOST LIKELY the source of the contamination?
Harold’s business requires a strict adherence to proper infection control. He knows that achieving effective
infection control is a two-step process. Which of the following two steps is Harold likely to use for the
majority of his business?
Jason has decided to take the most drastic and sweeping measure to rid his tools of all microbial life. Which
of the following steps must Jason take to effectively do this?
Chloe spent the better part of an hour cleaning her tools and implements before her shift started. She was,
therefore, upset when her instructor, Janine, told her she’d have to do it all again because she had not
followed one of the three acceptable methods. In which of the following ways was Chloe MOST LIKELY
cleaning her tools and implements?
Jamison, a beauty pro, knows the importance of washing hands. He knows that proper hand washing helps
greatly to prevent the spread of germs. And because Jamison ______, it is clear that he is aware of the true
benefit of hand washing.
Brenda works long hours, and because she comes into close contact with so many clients, she is careful to
keep her hands clean throughout the day. As her schedule is always quite full, this often means using hand
sanitizer instead of soap and water. Which of the following is an issue Brenda is MOST LIKELY to face as a
result of this?
It is Sunday, and Javier has been working since early this morning. Although his establishment is officially
closed for business today, he devotes every Sunday to infection control. He spends the morning on the first
step and the afternoon on the second step. It is now 3:00 p.m. What is Javier doing?
Samantha is using a strong disinfectant on all of the surfaces around her workstation. Which of the following
is the only justifiable reason Samantha did not mix a dilute into the product before she began to use it?
When looking at two disinfectants, Jeremy noticed that one had a much higher efficacy than the other.
Because of this information on the labels, Jeremy knows that the disinfectant with the higher efficacy claim
Because Neil, a manager, posts disinfectant tips and safety posters and makes sure all of his employees are
familiar with all of the important disinfectant tips, he knows that he will NEVER see one of them ______.
Richard saw 16 clients on a busy Friday. Every single client appeared to be in perfect health, showing no
signs of any disease. Although Richard is always careful, he is much more so when clients obviously appear
to be sick. On Monday, Richard came down with a bad cold. If it is TRUE that he caught this cold from one
of the clients he saw on Friday, what else must also be true?
Abigail has been instructed by her manager to use the PPEs he has purchased and stored in the backroom
whenever possible and appropriate. As a new beauty pro, Abigail is not sure what a PPE is. When she walks
into the backroom, which of the following should she have in order to show her manager she is following his
Rafael is midway through a service when he notices that his client Jasmine has a small, fresh cut. After
stopping the service, what is the very next thing Rafael should do?
Olga just noticed that the electrical cord on her electrical device is worn and even cracking. Because she is a
responsible beauty professional, Olga immediately ______.
James is quite excited because he is having a sophisticated heating and air-conditioning system installed at
his business. In order to keep his heating and cooling system working properly and effectively, which of the
following should James AVOID doing?
Joanna, a business owner, is concerned with fire safety at her establishment. Because of this, she has
purchased a state-of-the-art fire detection system along with six fire extinguishers, which she has carefully
and discreetly stored out of the way inside cupboards. Additionally, she makes sure that her fire extinguishers
are checked annually and that all of her employees are well trained in their use. Where, if anywhere, has
Joanna gone wrong?
Sofia has worked at her current place of employment for nearly 10 years. As a veteran of the industry, Sofia
feels as though she does everything exactly as it should be done. For example, she wears comfortable but
professional clothing, always makes sure her hair is tied back and out of the way, abstains from wearing any
long or dangly jewelry, and always makes sure her cell phone is placed securely on her workstation and on
vibrate. What, if anything, is Sofia doing incorrectly?
Daniel is talking with his coworker Horatio about his busy morning. He tells Horatio it was especially hectic
because three of his appointments were with high-risk clients, for which extra care must be taken. Which of
the following, if true, would mean that Daniel is INCORRECT in his belief that his clients were high risk?
Walter is your coworker, and is a bit confused as to what type and level of infection control he must employ
in cleaning tools, as he has been asked to do by your manager, Carlos. Walter tells you, “I have no idea what
to do. Carlos told me to clean these tools and then make sure I use the highest level of infection control so
that I completely destroy EVERYTHING.” As Walter’s coworker, what level of infection control should you
recommend that he use, and why?
Harlan, your good friend, lost his father when he was just a boy. His father was a factory worker who spent
long days in an overcrowded and unsafe work environment and tragically died in an accident on the job.
Harlan wishes to work for the federal government, with the hope of making a real difference in workers’
lives. He would specifically like to help others avoid his father’s fate. Harlan asks you if you think he should
work for OSHA. Do you think he should? If yes, why? If no, why not?
You are watching your fellow student Victoria working with a client. In the 10 minutes you watch her for,
she removes her gloves only once, to quickly turn on the faucet and rinse her hands. After rinsing her hands,
she immediately puts another pair of gloves on. If it is TRUE that Victoria’s client is asymptomatic with a
sickness that is not airborne, and it is also TRUE that Victoria acquired a cold during those 10 minutes you
watched her, then what else must also be true?
Charles prides himself on taking extra precautions not to get sick while at work. This past week, there was a
disease passing through his workplace. Charles, being overly cautious, made sure he wore gloves all week.
He never once touched a surface or another person without the gloves on. He also never put his hands to his
mouth, eyes, or nose while wearing the gloves. And, just to be extra careful, Charles immediately washed his
hands after he took the gloves off. Even with all of these precautions, Charles still came down with the
disease. How is it possible that Charles got sick?
Ursula is suffering symptoms of nausea, diarrhea, and fever. Although many of her coworkers have been sick
over the past month, she is certain this is something different. Her coworkers were all diagnosed with the
same virus. Ursula, however, is sure that her symptoms are not the result of a virus at all. Which of the
following would prove Ursula is correct?
Joaquin, a business owner, is trying to calm down his employee, Greta, because she has received information
from her doctor following some bloodwork that she has tested positive for a virus. Greta is frantic because
the message her doctor left was unclear, and she’s not sure if she tested positive for HIV or HPV. Although
neither would be good news, she knows HPV is more likely to be cured than HIV. Which of the following, if
TRUE, would give Greta peace of mind that indeed, she acquired HPV?
Jenna and Teresa are beauty professionals at a local establishment. They are discussing how clean their
implements are. Their boss, Harvey, has taught them about proper infection control. Jenna feels strongly that
the implements have been sterilized. Teresa, however, insists that they have only been cleaned. Which of the
following would prove Teresa is RIGHT?
It is the end of the workday, and Juanita is about to begin disinfecting all of the implements she has used
throughout the day. Just before she submerges the implements in a disinfectant, however, her boss, Julia, runs
over to stop her. “Juanita,” Julia says, “you cannot disinfect those implements.” Assuming Julia is RIGHT,
which of the following would explain her outburst?
Alana has always had disinfectant safety tips posted in the back room of their business in clear view of all
employees. The poster has two columns: an ALWAYS column and a NEVER column. Alana believes that
each beauty pro knows full well what to always do and what to never do when it comes to handling and
working with disinfectants. One of Alana’s best professionals, however, has pointed out that a statement in
one of the columns should actually be in the other column. If this beauty pro is correct, which of the
following is the mistake that Alana made on the poster?
For months, Xavier has been accumulating a collection of used sharp implements that he has tossed inside a
drawer at his workstation. Recently, he has come to you, as his coworker, asking your opinion on what he
should do with these, adding that many of them have small amounts of blood on them. When you look at the
collection, you can see that virtually all of the pieces are no longer usable. Which of the following is the
BEST advice to give Xavier?
Justine, a business owner, is watching her newly hired beauty pro, Johan, as he works on a client. While
Johan is in the middle of the treatment, he accidently drops a tool that he was using on the floor. Immediately
after that, Justine is forced to quickly, yet discreetly, walk over to Johan’s station to correct him before he
makes an error in judgment. Which of the following did Justine MOST LIKELY witness?