Unhas Ch6 – Manicure

Hand Washing

  • To prevent the spread of communicable disease, it is imperative to wash your hands before and after each client.
  • Hand sanitizer appropriate only when water is not available for hand washing.

The Manicure Consultation

  • Look over the forms closely for important responses from the client and then record your observations after the service.
  • Check the client’s nails and skin to make sure that they are healthy and that the service you are providing is appropriate.
  • Discuss the service.
  • Discuss the preferred shape, color, and length of nails.
  • You must be careful not to diagnose a disease or disorder in any way.
  • Record all information on the client service form. If there are no health issues observed, continue with the service.
  • Keep the following considerations in mind: shape of the hands, length of fingers, shape of the eponychium area, hobbies, recreational activities, and type of work.

Basic Nail Shapes

  • Square: Completely straight across the free edge, with no rounding at the outside edges.
  • Squoval or Soft Oval: Has a square free edge that is rounded off at the corner edges. If a nail in this shape extends only slightly past the fingertip, it will be sturdy because there is no square edge to break off. Any pressure on the tip will be reflected directly back to the nail plate, its strongest area.
  • Round: Should be slightly tapered and usually extends just a bit past the fingertip.
  • Oval: A conservative shape thought to be more attractive on most hands. It is similar to a squoval nail, with corners that are even more rounded.
  • Pointed or Stiletto: Is tapered and longer than usual to emphasize and enhance the slender appearance of the hand. Know, however, that this nail shape may be weaker, may break more easily, and is more difficult to maintain than other shapes. Rarely are natural nails successful with this nail shape, so they are usually enhancements.

Choose a Nail Color

  • If a client asks for your help when they are choosing a polish color, suggest a shade that complements their skin tone.
  • Place the client’s hand on a white towel under your true-color light and then hold the potential polish colors over the skin on the top of the hand.
  • It is best to allow clients to make the choice to ensure their satisfaction.
  • Always have a wide variety of nail polish colors available, including the appropriate colors for the French manicure polish technique.

The Polish Application

  • Use a total of four coats.
  • First, base coat, followed by two coats of polish color; finish with one application of topcoat to give a protective seal.
  • The application techniques are the same for all polishes, base coats, and topcoats.
  • Professional nail technicians practice the three-stroke method.
  • Apply one light stroke of polish down the middle and one on each side of the nail.
  • This allows full polish coverage over the entire nail plate.
  • Applying multiple layers of product improves the longevity and durability of the polish.
  • By building layer upon layer, you will improve its adhesion and staying power.
  • Apply thin, even coats for maximum smoothness and minimum drying time.
  • Nails should look smooth, evenly polished, and shiny.