Nails Ch11 – Monómero y Polvo

What is the chemistry behind monomer liquid and polymer powder nail enhancements, and how does it work?

Answer: Liquid and powder nail enhancements are created by combining monomer liquid with polymer powder. Mono means “one” and mer stands for units, so a monomer is “one unit” or “one molecule.” Poly means “many,” so polymer means many units or many molecules linked together in a chain. Monomer liquid is either ethyl methacrylate or odorless monomer liquid. Polymer powder is made using a special chemical reaction called polymerization (curing). Initiators found in polymer powder, when activated by a catalyst, will cause monomer molecules to permanent link together into long polymer chains, the polymerization process.

What is the main ingredient of most monomer liquids?

Answer: The main ingredient in most monomer liquids is ethyl methacrylate.

What are polymer powders made from?

Answer: Most polymer powders are made from ethyl methacrylate monomer liquid.

What is the process that turns a monomer liquid into a polymer powder?

Answer: Polymerization is the process that turns a monomer liquid into a polymer powder.

What is considered to be an odorless monomer?

Answer: An odorless monomer does not produce a strong enough odor so that others in the salon or spa can detect its presence.

What is the process that turns a monomer liquid into a polymer powder?

Answer: Polymerization is the process that turns a monomer liquid into a polymer powder.

What is considered to be an odorless monomer?

Answer: An odorless monomer does not produce a strong enough odor so that others in the salon or spa can detect its presence.

What particular supplies are needed for a liquid and powder nail enhancement service?

Answer. The supplies needed for a liquid and powder nail enhancement service include monomer liquid, polymer powders, nail primer, abrasives, dappen dishes, and a nail brush. Nail forms or tips are optional if the guest wants to add length.

How should you store your liquid and powder supplies?

Answer. Store liquid products separately from dry products, such as powders. All products should be stored in covered containers and kept in a cool, dark area. Do not store products near heat.

What are abrasives?

Answer. Abrasives include nail files and buffers.

What type of nail brush should you use for liquid and powder nail enhancements?

Answer. You should use a natural hairbrush made of kolinsky, sable, or a blend of both for liquid and powder nail enhancements.

How often is maintenance needed for liquid and powder enhancements?

Answer. Maintenance is needed for liquid and powder enhancements every two to three weeks.

What is a fill or backfill?

Answer. Fill or backfill is a maintenance service to fill in the area of new growth with new product as well as rebalance the shape of the nail, perform any necessary repairs, and bring the enhancement back to its original beauty.

Explain how to perform a crack repair.

Answer. To perform a crack repair, file down the area around the crack until it is paper-thin. If any natural nail is showing, apply nail dehydrator and primer to the exposed natural nail. Apply a form under the enhancement and then fill it with liquid and powder. Once dry, shape with abrasives and then finish with polish or topcoat.