Nails Ch13 – Nail Art

What are the most effective ways to introduce nail art to clients?

Answer: To introduce your nail arts to clients most effectively, display samples on tips in a glass case or frame, in a photo gallery or portfolio, and of course on your own nails.

What are the classifications of color on the color wheel, and what do they mean?

Answer: Primary colors are pure-pigment colors that cannot be obtained from mixing any other colors together. Secondary colors result from mixing equal parts of two primary colors. Tertiary colors are a direct result of mixing equal parts of one primary color and one of its nearest secondary colors. Complementary colors are located directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Analogous colors are located beside each other on the color wheel.

What techniques can be used with nail polish to create interesting nail art?

Answer: Techniques such as a French manicure, color fade, color graduation, ombre, marbleizing, and color blocking can be used to create interesting nail art.

Name three types of brushes used to paint flat nail art and describe their use.

  • A round brush is the most common and versatile style of brush and has a very good capacity for holding paint.
  • A liner brush is a very good detail brush and is preferred for line work, outlining, and even lettering.
  • A flat brush has a square tip with long bristles, which gives it added flexibility. This brush is useful for blending and shading.
  • A fan brush is a flat brush with bristles or hairs spread out like a fan. This brush is most commonly used for blending and special effects.
  • A spotter brush or detailer is a short, round brush with little belly and a very fine point at the tip. This brush offers maximum control for intricate, detailed work.
  • A striper brush is an extremely long, flat brush, with few fibers. It is incredibly efficient when creating long lines, striping effects, and animal prints.

List and describe the basic techniques used in hand-painted nail art.

Answer: Pressure refers to the amount of force that an artist applies to the brush while stroking. The more pressure applied, the larger the coverage area and the wider the stroke. As the amount of pressure is decreased, the width of the stroke decreases. The second basic technique is the pull. Pulling the brush across the paint surface creates a more fluid line or stroke. The third basic technique is position, which refers to how you hold the brush on the nail. Holding the brush straight up and down with only the tip touching the paint surface, is used for lettering, intricate details, and outlining. Or, the brush can be held flat and pulled across the surface for striping.

Explain the use of dry and wet monomer liquid and polymer powder beads in creating nail art.

Answer: When creating 3-D designs, you will use a very dry bead of monomer liquid and polymer powder where you want the design to stand up and have crisp, clear lines. When you wish to fade colors together, you will use a very wet bead of monomer liquid and polymer powder.

How is UV or LED gel used and applied when creating an inlaid nail art design?

Answer: A colored gel design can be created on the base of the nail and then overlaid with clear gel to create beautiful designs.

List four types of embellishments and describe how they are used.

Answer: Crystals, rhinestones, striping tape, foils, feathers, crushed shells, gems, confetti, stickers, decals, appliqués, and beads are embellishments that can be used either inside a nail when creating an inlaid design or on top of the nail for a 3-D effect.

How is an airbrush machine used to create nail art?

Answer: An airbrush machine combines air and paint to form an atomized spray, which releases extremely tiny droplets that are spray painted onto the nails to create flat nail art, such as color combinations, color fading, and designs.

What is the best airbrush system to use for nail art?

Answer: The ideal airbrush systems for nail art are designed for gravity-fed paint, which uses gravity to pull the paint into the airbrush.

What is a stencil and how is it used?

Answer: A stencil is a precut sheet of clear, thin plastic with a sticky backing that is cut by a machine into various shapes or designs that creates designs or specific shapes quickly and easily.

What is the advantage to using stencils or stamping?

Answer: Stencils and stamps can create intricate designs quickly and easily.

Describe an art technique that can be created with the dip system.

Answer: Art techniques that can be created with the dip system include ombre, color graduation, and the velvet effect.

Name at least five benefits of participating in nail art competitions.

Answer: Competitions provide an opportunity for learning, traveling, attending trade shows, and networking. Competitions get you to a trade show. When you compete, peers will give you invaluable feedback on where you need to improve and where you stand in comparison to the highest standards of the industry. Talking with other competitors and seeing their work will inspire and motivate you to improve and try new techniques you have never even considered. Networking with peers will keep you on the cutting edge of trends and give you the tools and knowledge you need to keep excelling in art and your business. Winning gives you press coverage in trade magazines, a trophy to display in the salon or spa, credibility, and usually a nice cash prize.